The “Passive” part of Passive Fire Protection is something which always intrigues people. But the passive element which is put on the name is because the layers of fire safety are dormant. They don’t spring to action till they get activated by flames and heat. In normal situations and conditions, they are just your aesthetically pleasing and standard coatings. But when a fire comes along then it’s full-fledged fire protection. The true aim of Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is to contain the fire right in the compartment where it originated from. This limits the fire and the resultant smoke from spreading all around the building, thus saving both property and lives.
Examples of what passive fire protection is put on
This kind of protections can prove to be more effective when a building is empty in the case of a fire. As such these are built in or hidden fire protection systems like
- Fire retardant paints: These are put on a wide variety of surfaces and materials. This includes doors, walls, ceilings, floors, steel-related intumescent paint which are put on cast iron, structural steel and more. Moreover, these are the kinds of paints which are also available for timber and wood. These coatings help in releasing gases or restricting heat from passing on to flammable material. As such the building, then keeps its frame or integrity.
- Fire doors: Fire door can give up to half an hour of fire protection. The purpose of a fire door like that of fire retardant paint is to confirm the fire from spreading and also the smoke and heat from going from one room to the other.
- Intumescent strips: The main objective of it is to contain the smoke since it is known to be a silent killer. These seals can save lives as in the very early stages of a fire taking place, the cold smoke can spread very quickly. Along with this, the heat can also build up in one area so these seals can stop this from spreading.
What are the benefits of using passive fire protection?
These are the benefits of installing various passive fire protection methods:
- Along with fighting, these passive fire protection methods can contain and restrict the spread of flames from half an hour to move around two hours. Of course, this depends on the coating used as well. This time will give people valuable time to evacuate the property. As the occupants of the premises get more safely evacuated, the fire can then continue on to be contained till help arrives.
- It’s not just the people living in the building who will be safe if passive fire protection methods are installed, but firemen who go in will also be so. This is because the PFP methods will continue the slowdown the spread of smoke and fire will also be so.
Where should Passive Fire Protection be used?
PFP is needed in all kinds of nondomestic and domestic buildings to compartmentalize, contain and restrict fire from spreading. It is actually not a preventive measure which people who want to put it can do so, it’s a major building regulation which has to be adhered to.
Passive Fire Protection is needed to silently control life-threatening Fife and putting it can save lives.